Innovation and Structural Change in Post-Socialist Countries: A Quantitative Approach

IWH FDI Micro Database
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Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Citing Literature. Related Information. Close Figure Viewer. Browse All Figures Return to Figure. Previous Figure Next Figure. Email or Customer ID. Forgot password? Old Password. Scuole occupate e discriminazioni a rovescio , Sicilia Journal, 4 gennaio Un altro attacco all'autonomia degli enti di ricerca.

Dori N. Ma i suoi numeri erano giusti? Baccini A. Morettini L. La Sirilli G. SIrilli G. Bertoni C.

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Giuffrida S. ISBN: Quale modello formativo per la PA locale? Perani G. I-VI Lessico, p. Paolini, F. History and New Perspectives", Lugano, november Cavallaro C.

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Ranking World top companies, As a result of the literature review, we argue that intellectual capital together with the individual characteristics of a particular entrepreneur have a positive influence on the success of the entrepreneurial project. Wann-Yih, W. Sternberg, J. Conclusions The results of our theoretical and empirical analysis have allowed us to draw some conclusions.

Zuliani A. Silvani A. Il futuro del nostro paese: numeri, sfide, politiche , Il Mulino, Bologna, XIII, pp. Conceicao P.

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Lo stato dell'arte all'inizio del terzo millennio, Relazione presentata alla Riunione del CSS, Roma, 26 novembre Gibson D. Licht G. Kinsella E. Tsipouri L.

Archibugi D. Pianta M. Standardizzazione di prodotti editoriali statistici a livello locale, Quinta Conferenza Nazionale di Statistica, Roma, novembre Whilst most countries of this region have received considerable direct investments, the composition of kinds of subsidiaries is different between countries and hence will the prospects for intense technology transfer also differ between countries.

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This contribution aims to compare the potentials for internal and external technology transfer across countries of Central East Europe by analysing the management-relationship between subsidiaries and their parents and the market-relationships between subsidiaries and their host economy. For this, a firm-level database of some subsidiaries in Estonia, Poland, the Slovak Republic, Hungary, and Slovenia is analysed empirically. We assume knowledge inflows endogenous to subsidiary roles. Integrating organisational and knowledge-based views we propose a new subsidiary typology based on MNE integration-subsidiary capability.

We hypothesise that both dimensions are positively associated with knowledge inflows into the focal subsidiary. This prediction is tested with data for subsidiaries. The key findings were: a the extent for knowledge inflows differs significantly across all subsidiary roles; c it diminishes in a anti-clockwise direction starting in the high integration-high capability quadrant of the IC taxonomy; thus b both MNE integration and subsidiary capability drive knowledge inflows, although, the balance shifts more towards integration.

  1. The role of intellectual capital and entrepreneurial characteristics as innovation drivers;
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Andrea Gauselmann Philipp Marek J. The analysis is designed as benchmark between three neighboring post-communist regions, i. East Germany, the Czech Republic and Poland. Their different transition paths have not only resulted in economic differences. We can also observe today that the importance of pull factors for FDI varies significantly across the regions.

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Furthermore, the analysis suggests that intra-industry linkages such as specialization and agglomeration economies are relevant factors for the location decision of foreign investors. This result can help to explain the regional divergence of FDI streams in transition economies. Foreign direct investment FDI plays an important role in the catching-up process of East Germany due to direct employment- and demand related effects. In other words, do foreign investors interact technologically with domestic enterprises and scientific institutions?

So far, there seems to be a striking absence of empirical evidence on this issue.

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The basis for our analysis is recent data from a representative survey of foreign direct investors in East German manufacturing completed in In addition, their technological activities are by no means isolated from the East German innovation system. Contrary to existing assumptions the East German innovation system seems to be particularly attractive for the most technologically active foreign subsidiaries. However, the technologically active foreign investors believe that only East German suppliers are able to benefit from their technological cooperation.

The same cannot be said about East German customers or competitors. Thus, the potential for technological externalities from FDI in East Germany seems still to be limited.

Introduction

Zwischen dem Oktober und Diese Unternehmen haben in der ostdeutschen Wirtschaft ein erhebliches Gewicht, so arbeitet z. Am Der Workshop hatte zum Ziel, das Thema Globalisierung von Forschung und Entwicklung aus wissenschaftlicher, unternehmerischer und innovationspolitischer Perspektive zu beleuchten und die Position Deutschlands im internationalen Technologiewettbewerb zu diskutieren. Andrea Gauselmann.

Bibliographic Information

Innovation and Structural Change in Post-Socialist Countries: A Quantitative Approach. Editors: Dyker, David A., Radosevic, S. (Eds.) Free Preview. Innovation and Structural Change in Post-Socialist Countries: A Quantitative Approach by David A. Dyker, , available at Book Depository with .

Dabei beantworteten die Unternehmen u. The research draws from the third survey of the IWH FDI-Micro database in , which offers a representative sample of multinational affiliates of the East German economy. The results show a fundamental shift in the relative importance of investment motives during the transition process of East Germany.

Since the mid s East Germany attracts increasingly investors that target economies of scope of local technological advantage rather than low-cost advantages of local production factors as the case in the early transition period. It can be demonstrated that the investment motives depends on the country of origin, the type and timing of market entry as well as the sector of the multinational affiliate.

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Amongst the given locational factors affiliates value the quality of the socio-cultural context highest. This group of soft factors is followed by locational aspects related the potential for technological cooperation, the availability of labour, and finally the extent of fiscal and financial incentives. There exist significant differences in the judgment about quality of different locational aspects depending on the country of origin and the underlying investment motive.

Finally the article identifies possible policy measures in the area of skilled labour, technology and investment policy in order to sustain the attractiveness of East Germany as investment location in the future.

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Diese Unternehmen haben in der ostdeutschen Wirtschaft ein erhebliches Gewicht. Stephan, J. Stephan and L. Larimo and T. Vissak eds. Stephan ed. Jindra Internationalisation theory and technological accumulation - an investigation of multinational affiliates in East Germany. PhD thesis, University of Sussex. Jindra : Foreign firms invest to unlock new markets and local technology, Invest in Germany Magazine, No.

Tugrul, Z. Aralica, A. Stephan : Foreign direct Investment in weak intellectual property rights regimes — the example of post-socialist economies, Post-Communist Economies, Vol. Competition, Vol. Rojec, M. Stare : Backward FDI linkages as a channel for transferring technology and building innovation capability: The case of Slovenia.

European Journal of Development Research, Vol. Aralica, D. Rojec, B. Majcen and S. Kokko and V. Majcen, A. Kostevc, T. Redek, and M. Hansen eds. Aralica, V.